Cleveland: City on Schedule (Video)

Remarkable documentary made in 1957 and hosted at Cleveland Memory

“Cleveland: City on Schedule” is a 34-minute 1962 film about the challenges facing the city in the post-war decade and how it was addressing them, specifically through planning and urban renewal, highlighting the Garden Valley development and closing with Erieview.  Narrated by NBC network anchor Chet Huntley, it was scripted by Frank Siegel of Storycraft and produced by the General Pictures Corporation for the Cleveland Development Foundation, an arm of the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce set up to oversee the response to the challenges.  Featured in the film are mayors Frank Lausche and Anthony J. Celebreeze, housing chief Ernest J. Bohn, and urban renewal director James M. Lister.

From CSU Special Collections

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Dorothy Fuldheim from Wikipedia

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Dorothy Fuldheim (June 26, 1893–November 3, 1989) was an American journalist and anchor, spending the majority of her career for The Cleveland Press and WEWS-TV, both based in Cleveland, Ohio.

Fuldheim has a role in American television news history; she is credited with being the first woman in the United States to anchor a television news broadcast as well to host her own television show. She has been referred to as the “First Lady of Television News.” [1]

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Early life and early career[edit]

Cleveland Pressgraphic of Dorothy Fuldheim from 1929

Fuldheim, an American of Jewish descent, was born in Passaic, New Jersey. She spent her childhood in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Prior to working in broadcasting, she was an elementary schoolteacher.

During the 1920s, after her first marriage, Fuldheim moved to Cleveland, Ohio where she began her theatrical, lecturing and broadcasting careers. She started in radio hosting a biography program for WTAM, and eventually the ABC Radio network, where she was their first female commentator.[2] Fuldheim was then approached by a representative fromScripps-Howard-flagship The Cleveland Press about taking a role in journalism. Despite a lack of experience in the field, Fuldheim soon traveled around the world, even conducting rare interviews with both Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler prior to World War II.[2]

Television career[edit]

Fuldheim began her television career at age 54 when she joined the staff of WEWS-TV Channel 5 in Cleveland, also owned by Scripps-Howard, in 1947. At that time, it was the only television station between New York and Chicago. Despite spending her entire broadcasting career based in Cleveland, she traveled widely to cover a variety of news stories, and was regarded as a broadcaster of national importance.

In 1959, Fuldheim, who had been with the station before it even went on air, began to formulate her own newscast in response to the new Eyewitness News onKYW, which was the first half-hour newscast in the country. Fuldheim centered her newscast around her interviews, a general overview of the news, and her commentaries (during which the very opinionated Fuldheim frequently inserted her own opinions about the stories). Fuldheim was the first woman in the United States to have her own television news analysis program.

While the format of her show, “Highlights of the News”, consisted primarily of news analysis, it also included commentary, book reviews and interviews. In the years that “Highlights of the News” aired, Fuldheim interviewed a number of diverse notable persons including the Duke of WindsorHelen KellerBarbara Waltersand Martin Luther King Jr. She also interviewed several 20th century American presidents.

Dorothy Fuldheim with Bill Gordon on the set of “The One O’Clock Club”

In the 1960s, Fuldheim teamed with Cleveland radio personality Bill Gordon to host “The One O’Clock Club” on WEWS, a mix of entertainment, news, and interviews. This show eventually inspired KYW to launch a similar show hosted by Mike Douglas that eventually eclipsed “The One O’ Clock Club” in popularity en route to becoming nationally syndicated. At this same time, Fuldheim was also frequently lampooned and skewered on WJW-TV’s Shock Theater with Ghoulardi.

Fuldheim, recognizable for her fiery red hair, was well known for her sometimes controversial opinions. She was not shy about supporting unpopular causes, nor in voicing her opposition if she disagreed with a guest. On one program, she interviewed 1960s activist Jerry Rubin about his book Do It. In the interview, Jerry Rubin started to quiz Fuldheim, asking her if she drank. Fuldheim said, “I have the damn best liver in Cleveland.” He then took a picture of a nude woman and showed it to her. Fuldheim responded by asking Rubin, “How is [the photo] germane to the topic?” He then referred to the police as “pigs” and offended Fuldheim, who replied, “I’ve got a shock for you. Some of my friends are policemen”. Rubin then muttered “Well, I’ve got a shock for you. I’m good friends with the Black Panthers.” At which, Fuldheim threw his book and kicked Rubin off the set saying “Out! Stop the interview” as the cameras rolled.[3] [1]

At times, Fuldheim could offend some members of her audience. A month after ejecting Rubin from her television show, she found herself in the controversial hotseat. On May 4, 1970 while live on the air, Fuldheim made the following statement regarding the actions of the Ohio National Guard during the Kent State shootings, “What is wrong with our country? “We’re killing our own children.”[4] Due to her reference to the shooting of the four students as murder, there were numerous calls from viewers for Fuldheim to resign from her position at WEWS. However, she had the backing of station management and did not resign.[3]

In 1980, Fuldheim was inducted in the Ohio Women’s Hall of Fame[5] and went on to cover major 1980s events: She traveled to London to cover the 1981 royal wedding of Prince Charles and Diana, the funeral of assassinated Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and to Northern Ireland to interview the family of IRAactivist/hunger striker Bobby Sands.

Death and posthumous recognition[edit]

Dorothy Fuldheim (center) with the WEWS news team in the early 1980s

Fuldheim’s long and distinguished career – where, at age 91, she still conducted interviews and read commentaries on-air three times every day – ended when she suffered a stroke on July 27, 1984, shortly after interviewing U.S. PresidentRonald Reagan via satellite. The station received so many phone calls from viewers asking about her condition that an automated answering machine service was set up, devoted to providing updates about her health.[6] She never again appeared on television and died in Cleveland five years later at the age of 96.[2]

In 2003, Fuldheim was posthumously awarded an Ohio Historical Marker for her contributions to journalism, which is displayed in front of the WEWS studios.[7][8] [9]

Famous quotes[edit]

  • “This is a youth-oriented society, and the joke is on them because youth is a disease from which we all recover.” [10]
  • “It takes a disciplined person to listen to convictions which are different from their own.”[citation needed]
  • “Every American carries in his bloodstream the heritage of the malcontent and the dreamer.”[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patricia M. Mote (1997). Dorothy Fuldheim: First First Lady of Television News. Quixote Publications. ISBN 0-9633083-5-1.
  2. a b c “Dorothy Fuldheim, 96, A News Commentator”The New York Times. Associated Press. 4 November 1989. p. 10. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  3. a b O’Dell, Cary (1997). Women Pioneers in Television: Biographies of Fifteen Industry Leaders. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland and Company. ISBN 0-7864-0167-2OCLC 35646616. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  4. ^ Gregorino, Tony Ryan (15 August 1997). “Doyenne of TV news “returns”: Program celebrates the legendary late broadcaster Dorothy Fuldheim”Sun News(Cleveland, Ohio). Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  5. ^ “Ohio Women’s Hall of Fame Bio: Dorothy Fuldheim”Ohio Women’s Hall of Fame. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Department of Job & Family Services. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  6. ^ Barron, James (29 August 1984). “The Talk of Cleveland; Trying to Select an Image for a City Whose Mayor Once Set His Hair Afire”. The New York Times. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
  7. ^ Shaw, Judy (12 September 2007). “Dorothy Fuldheim Honored with Ohio Historical Marker”NewsNet5 (E.W. Scripps Co.). Retrieved 1 August 2009.[dead link]
  8. ^ http://www.flickr.com/photos/cbustapeck/3437445481/in/photostream/
  9. ^ http://www.flickr.com/photos/cbustapeck/3437445915/in/photostream/
  10. ^ Famous Quotes and Authors – Dorothy Fuldheim Quotes

Viktor Schreckengost from Wikipedia

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Viktor Schreckengost

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Viktor Schreckengost
ViktorSchreckengost2006NationalMedalofArts.jpg
First Lady Laura Bush, 100-year-old industrial designer Viktor Schreckengost, and U.S. President George W. Bush at the presentation of the 2006 National Medal of Arts in the Oval Officeof the White House on November 9, 2006
Born June 26, 1906
SebringOhioUnited States
Died January 26, 2008 (aged 101)
TallahasseeFlorida
Occupation Industrial designer

Viktor Schreckengost (June 26, 1906 – January 26, 2008) was an American industrial designer as well as a teacher, sculptor, and artist. His wide-ranging work included noted pottery designs, industrial design, bicycle design and seminal research on radar feedback. Schreckengost’s peers included designers Raymond LoewyNorman Bel GeddesEva Zeisel, and Russel Wright.

Contents

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Early life[edit]

Born and raised in SebringOhio, Schreckengost was one of six children. His father worked at a ceramics factory from which he brought home material for his children to model. Every week he held a sculpture contest among the children, the winner of which accompanied his father on his weekend trip into the local big city, Alliance, Ohio. Only years later did Schreckengost realize that his father systematically rotated the winner. His younger brothers Donald and Paul Schreckengost also went on to careers as ceramicists.[1]

Schreckengost graduated from the Cleveland School of the Arts (now the Cleveland Institute of Art) in 1929, at which time he earned a partial scholarship to study at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna. To make the trip, he borrowed $1,500 from two owners of Gem Clay, an industrial ceramics manufacturer in Sebring. When he returned six months later, Schreckengost paid back his loans—a lucky event for the men from Gem Clay, since separate bank failures during the Great Depression would have otherwise wiped them out.

Career[edit]

Schreckengost taught industrial design at the Cleveland Institute of Art (CIA) for more than 50 years and was a professor emeritus at CIA until his death. He was also the youngest faculty member ever at CIA (then known as the Cleveland School of the Arts). Schreckengost founded CIA’s school of industrial design, the first of its kind in the country.[citation needed] His notable students include Giuseppe Delena, chief designer at Ford Motor Co.; Larry Nagode, principal designer at Fisher-Price (father of Ryan Nagode); John Nottingham and John Spirk, founders of innovation firm Nottingham Spirk, inventors of the first Dirt Devil handheld Vacuum;[2] Joe Oros, head of the studio at Ford that designed the 1965 Ford Mustang, Sid Ramnarace, designer of the 5th generation Ford Mustang and Jerry Hirschberg, designer of the Infiniti J30 and the 1971 boat tail Buick Riviera.[3]

Schreckengost enlisted in the Navy at age 37 to help the Allies in World War II. He was flown on secret missions to Europe where he used his modeling knowledge to help improve the radar used in the Battle of the Bulge. Later he helped design prosthetics for wounded soldiers. He retired from the Naval Reservesas a Captain. Schreckengost was also good friends with Cleveland safety director Eliot Ness.

Designs[edit]

The Viktor Schreckengost Foundation homepage indicates:

Every adult in America has ridden in, ridden on, drunk out of, stored their things in, eaten off of, been costumed in, mowed their lawn with, played on, lit the night with, viewed in a museum, cooled their room with, read about, printed with, sat on, placed a call with, enjoyed in a theater, hid their hooch in, collected, been awarded with, seen at a zoo, put their flowers in, hung on their wall, served punch from, delivered milk in, read something printed on, seen at the World’s Fair, detected enemy combatants with, written about, had an arm or leg replaced with, graduated from, protected by, or seen at the White House something created by Viktor Schreckengost.[4]

Schreckengost designed the Jazz Bowl for Eleanor Roosevelt during his association with Cowan Pottery. He created (at the time) the largest freestanding ceramic sculpture in the world, Early Settler at Lakewood High School in Lakewood, Ohio. He designed bicycles manufactured by Murray bicycles for Murray and Sears, Roebuck and Company. With engineer Ray Spiller, he designed the first truck with a cab-over-engine configuration, a design in use to this day. And he created simple, modern dinnerware designs that became popular throughout the United States.

Tributes and legacy[edit]

Schreckengost lived in Cleveland Heights, Ohio with his second wife Jean, and he celebrated his 100th birthday in June 2006. The Viktor Schreckengost Foundation planned more than 100 exhibits of his work, with at least one in each US state, to celebrate the milestone.[5] The exhibits opened in March 100 days before his 100th birthday. Schreckengost attended an exhibit in New York City to open the shows. The night before his birthday he was honored at Cain Park in Cleveland Heights by a large and appreciative crowd. Also in 2006, Schreckengost was awarded the National Medal of Arts, the highest honor the federal government can bestow on an American artist. He and the nine other winners were feted in an Oval Office ceremony by President George W. Bush and the First Lady Laura Bush on November 9, 2006.[6]

Schreckengost died on January 26, 2008 at age 101 while visiting family in Tallahassee, Florida[7] — predeceased by his three sisters, Pearl Eckleberry, Ruth Key, and Lucille Jackson, and his two brothers, Paul and Donald Schreckengost.

In 2000, the Cleveland Museum of Art curated the first ever retrospective of Schreckengost’s work. Broad in scope, the exhibition included sculpture, pottery, dinnerware, drawings, and paintings. The centerpiece of the exhibit was the Jazz Bowl. The industrial design portion included many of his famous designs such as safer and cleaner printing presses, economical pedal cars, cab-over-engine trucks, banana-seat bicycles, electric fans, and lawn chairs. Then in his 90s, Schreckengost made many personal appearances at the exhibit. In April 1991, Schreckengost traveled with Henry B. Adams, then curator of the CIA, to Norfolk, Virginia to address the Hampton Roads chapter of the American Institute of Architects at age 93.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Related links”. East Liverpool, Ohio: The Museum of Ceramics.
  2. ^ “The Ferchill Group”. Retrieved 2011-08-12.
  3. ^ Makovsky, Paul (4 February 2008). “Industrial Designer Viktor Schreckengost dead at 101”Metropolis Magazine.
  4. ^ “Viktor Schreckengost Foundation”. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
  5. ^ Rohrlich, Marianne (11 May 2006). “Belatedly, Stardom Finds a 20th-Century Master”The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
  6. ^ “Viktor Announced as 2006 Medal of Arts Recipient”. Viktor Schreckengost Foundation. 2006-11-10. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
  7. ^ Litt, Steven (2008-01-27). “Viktor Schreckengost has died at age 101”The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2008-01-27.

Cyrus Eaton aggregation

1 Cyrus Eaton from Wikipedia

2 The Man in the Tower by George E. Condon

3 Cyrus Eaton – Khrushchev’s Favorite Capitalist by Jay Miller

4 Cyrus Eaton – from Promises of Power: a political autobiography by Carl B. Stokes 

5 Cyrus Eaton – The Mike Wallace Interview

6 Cyrus Eaton from the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

7 Cyrus Eaton -The Man

8 New Yorker Magazine Profile of Cyrus Eaton by E.J. Kahn – October 10 and 17, 1977 issues